A chip card, also known as an EMV card (Europay, Mastercard, and Visa), is a type of payment card that uses an embedded microchip to store and protect payment data. The microchip, also known as an integrated circuit (IC) or chip, is a small computer chip that contains a secure element to store and process data.

Unlike traditional magnetic stripe cards (magstripe), which rely on static data that can be easily skimmed and duplicated, chip cards generate dynamic data for each transaction, making them more secure and harder to counterfeit.

When a chip card is inserted into a chip-enabled terminal, the chip and the terminal communicate to authenticate the card and the transaction. This process typically involves verifying the cardholder’s identity using a PIN or signature and generating a unique code for each transaction, which is then encrypted and transmitted to the payment network for processing.

In the United States, chip cards are commonly referred to as “smart cards” because they contain an embedded microprocessor that allows for more advanced features and security measures than traditional magnetic stripe cards. The adoption of chip card technology in the United States was initially slow, but has since become widespread as merchants and card issuers have upgraded their systems to comply with new security standards.

Chip cards are widely used around the world, and many countries have mandated the adoption of chip card technology to reduce fraud and improve payment security. In addition to providing enhanced security, chip cards also offer greater convenience and flexibility for cardholders, allowing them to make payments in a variety of ways, including contactless transactions and mobile payments.

Related Products

Related Articles

FEITIAN ePass3000 token supports OpenSC

June 15th, 2021|

Sep 5th, 2008 -- OpenSC project provides universal programming interfaces for smart card across different operating systems like Linux, Mac OS X and Windows. To improve the product performance and compatibility of ePass3000, FEITIAN published the OpenSC driver for ePass3000

« Back to Glossary Index